World Health Organization's AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 PDF

By World Health Organization

ISBN-10: 9291735426

ISBN-13: 9789291735426

This flagship document offers the thought of perspectives at the country of the HIV/AIDS epidemic of the Joint United countries Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). It comprises research of all of the points of the epidemic, from the unfold of HIV, to remedies, to the supply of assets. It additionally presents country-by-country figures on its quantity.

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Only about one in four Thai clients was likely to use a condom (Buckingham and Meister, 2003; UNDP, 2004). Thailand’s challenge now is to revitalize and adapt prevention strategies to match recent shifts in the epidemic. This will require revamping safe sex campaigns in a context where patterns of commercial sex have changed. There has been a huge increase in the number of ‘indirect’ sex service establishments, such as massage parlours (from about 8000 in 1998 to 12 200 in 2003). In Bangkok alone, an estimated 34 000 women were trading sex in such non-brothel settings in 2003.

High rates of internal migration may be one of the factors causing that trend. Thailand has been widely hailed as one of the success stories in the response to AIDS. By 2003, Prevention efforts have been stepped up in recent years, but HIV is spreading extensively in lower-risk populations. 9% in 2003 (National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STIs, 2004). The reasons for this are twofold: increasing mortality and a decline in HIV incidence which, according to recent estimations, fell steeply between 1994 and 1998, before stabilizing.

Preliminary data from a new household survey in Botswana have given hope that the country’s epidemic might be smaller than previously indicated (National AIDS Coordinating Agency, Botswana 2005). The survey estimated that some 25% of 15–49 year-olds were estimated to be living with HIV—considerably lower than the 37% estimate derived from antenatal clinic data (UNAIDS, 2004). However, that estimate should be interpreted with caution, since its very high non-response rate (44% of participants refused to be tested for HIV) could have skewed the results toward underestimations of HIV prevalence.

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AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 by World Health Organization

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