By Elie Maricau
This ebook makes a speciality of modeling, simulation and research of analog circuit getting older. First, all very important nanometer CMOS actual results leading to circuit unreliability are reviewed. Then, transistor getting older compact types for circuit simulation are mentioned and a number of other tools for effective circuit reliability simulation are defined and in comparison. eventually, the influence of transistor getting older on analog circuits is studied. Aging-resilient and aging-immune circuits are pointed out and the effect of expertise scaling is mentioned.
The versions and simulation suggestions defined within the e-book are meant as an relief for equipment engineers, circuit designers and the EDA neighborhood to appreciate and to mitigate the influence of getting older results on nanometer CMOS ICs.
Read or Download Analog IC Reliability in Nanometer CMOS PDF
Best nanotechnology books
Nanostructured fabrics have at the very least one measurement within the nanometer variety. They turned a really lively study quarter in strong nation physics and chemistry in recent times with expected purposes in a number of domain names, together with sun cells, electronics, batteries and sensors. Nanocrystalline metals and oxides are dense polycrystalline solids with a median grain dimension less than a hundred nm.
Tissue engineering includes seeding of cells on bio-mimicked scaffolds supplying adhesive surfaces. Researchers notwithstanding face various difficulties in producing tissue that are circumvented by way of utilizing nanotechnology. It offers substrates for mobilephone adhesion and proliferation and brokers for cellphone progress and will be used to create nanostructures and nanoparticles to assist the engineering of alternative kinds of tissue.
- Nanotechnology in Regenerative Medicine: Methods and Protocols
- Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Wiley Survival Guides in Engineering and Science)
- Semiconductor and metal nanocrystals: synthesis and electronic and optical properties
- Full-Chip Nanometer Routing Techniques (Analog Circuits and Signal Processing)
- Nanotechnology to Aid Chemical and Biological Defense
Extra info for Analog IC Reliability in Nanometer CMOS
The most harmful mode, the Hard-BD (HBD), provokes the complete loss of the oxide dielectric properties with gate currents in the mA range at standard operation voltages. e. 9 nm) (Degraeve et al. 2008; Pae et al. 2010). e. sub-180 nm CMOS), HBD can be preceded by Soft-BD (SBD). SBD can be observed as a partial loss of the dielectric properties, resulting in a small increase of the gate current and a significant increase of the gate current noise (Gielen et al. 2008). 5 nm thickness), SBD is followed by Progressive-BD (PBD), until final HBD.
2008; Saha 2010). Asenov et al. (2003) have shown that VTH fluctuations induced by local oxide thickness variations become comparable to voltage fluctuations introduced by RDF for sub-30 nm CMOS technologies. Moreover, the variability due to oxide thickness fluctuations is statistically independent from the VTH variations introduced by RDF. HKMG devices allow larger physical oxide thicknesses, but still suffer from large oxide thickness variations due to the roughness of the interface between the silicon and the high-k layer and between the high-k layer and the metal gate (saha 2010).
Although right after SBD a very limited effect is observed (Kaczer et al. 2004), a significant influence on the transistor characteristics is produced at longer times (Kaczer et al. 2004; Cester et al. 2004). This can be modeled as a local mobility reduction in the BD region (Cester et al. 2004). Another important aspect of gate oxide breakdown is the fact that one BD does not necessarily imply circuit failure (Kaczer et al. 2002). Fig. 75 V and T = 140 ◦ C, top curve) and the stress-induced leakage (SILC) at 1V (bottom curve).
Analog IC Reliability in Nanometer CMOS by Elie Maricau